National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
NAME: Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin, Ph.D.
(Colonel, USAF, Retired)
- NASA Astronaut
- Born: Born January 20, 1930, in Montclair, New Jersey.
- Married to the former Lois Driggs Cannon of Phoenix. Their
combined family is comprised of six grown children and one grandson.
- J. Michael, September 2, 1955; Janice R., August 16,
1957;Andrew J., June 17, 1958.
- Graduated frcm Montclair High School, Montclair,
New Jersey; received a Bachelor of Science degree in 1951 from the
United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, graduating
third in his class; and a Doctorate of Science in Astronautics
from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge. His thesis
was "Guidance for Manned Orbital Rendezvous." Aldrin has honorary
degrees from six colleges and universities.
- Aldrin was one of the third group of astronauts named by NASA
in October 1963.
On November 11, 1966, he and command pilot James Lovell were launched
into space in the Gemini 12 spacecraft on a four-day flight which brought
the Gemini program to a successful close. Aldrin established a new record
for extravehicular activity (EVA), spending 5-1/2 hours outside the spacecraft.
He served as lunar module pilot for Apollo 11, July 16-24, 1969, the
first manned lunar landing mission. Aldrin followed Neil Armstrong onto
the lunar surface on July 20, 1969, completing a 2 hour and 15 minute lunar EVA.
In July 1971, Aldrin resigned from NASA. Aldrin has logged 289 hours and
53 minutes in space, of which 7 hours and 52 minutes was spent in EVA.
- Prior to joining NASA, Aldrin flew 66 combat missions in
F-86's while on duty in Korea. At Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, he served
as an aerial gunnery instructor. Following his assignment as aide to the dean
of faculty at the Air Force Academy, Aldrin flew F-100's as a flight commander
at Bitburg, Germany. He then went on to receive a doctorate at MIT, and was
then assigned to the Gemini Target Office of the Air Force Space Systems
Division, Los Angeles. In March 1972, Aldrin retired from Air Force active
duty, after 21 years of service. As a USAF jet fighter pilot during the
Korean War, he shot down two MIG 15 aircraft.
Since retiring from NASA, the Air Force, and his position as commander of
the USAF Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base in 1972, he authored
an autobiography, RETURN TO EARTH. Aldrin has remained at the forefront
of efforts to ensure a continued leading role for America in manned space
exploration to advance his life-long commitment to venturing outward in
space. He is creating a master plan of evolving missions for sustained
exploration utilizing his concepts of perpetual cycling orbits and a
tetrahedron design for star craft and star ports.
In addition, he lectures throughout the world on his unique perspective of
America's future in space. He has just authored a book about the Apollo
Program entitled MEN FROM EARTH.
- Aldrin has received numerous decorations and awards,
including the Presidential Medal for Freedom in 1969, the Robert J. Collier
Trophy, the Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy, and the Harmon International
Trophy in 1967.
Aldrin is currently the president of Research and Engineering Consultants,
Inc. in Laguana Beach, California.
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