pagelogo.jpg 
(38456 bytes)

1998 Astronaut Candidate Class (Group 17)


Clayton C. Anderson
Lee J. Archambault (Maj., USAF)
Tracy E. Caldwell, Ph.D.
Gregory E. Chamitoff, Ph.D.
Timothy J. Creamer (LTC., USA)
Christopher J. Ferguson (Lt. Cmdr., USN)
Michael J. Foreman (Cmdr., USN)
Michael E. Fossum
Kenneth T. Ham (Lt. Cmdr., USN)
Patricia C. Hilliard, M.D.
Gregory C. Johnson
Gregory H. Johnson (Maj., USAF)
Stanley G. Love, Ph.D.
Leland D. Melvin
Barbara R. Morgan
William A. Oefelein (Lt., USN)
John D. Olivas, Ph.D.
Nicholas J. M. Patrick, Ph.D.
Alan G. Poindexter (Lt. Cmdr., USN)
Garrett E. Reisman, Ph.D.
Steven R. Swanson
Douglas H. Wheelock (Maj., USA)
Sunita L. Williams (Lt. Cmdr., USN)
Neil W. Woodward III (Lt., USN)
George D. Zamka (Maj., USMC).
International Candidates

European Space Agency
Léopold Eyharts
Paolo Nespoli
Hans Schlegel
Roberto Vittori

Canadian Space Agency
Bjarni V. Tryggvason

Brazilian Space Agency
Marcos Pontes

The 1998 Astronaut Candidates have been 
nicknamed the Penguins

NAME: Clayton C. Anderson, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: February 23, 1959 - Omaha, NE
RESIDENCE: League City, TX
EDUCATION: Ashland-Greenwood High School, Ashland, NE,1977
B.S., Physics, Hastings College, 1981
M.S., Aerospace Engineering, Iowa State University, 1983
CURRENT POSITION: Manager, Emergency Operations Center
NASA-Johnson Space Center
Houston, TX
PARENTS: The late John T. Anderson
Alice J. Anderson, Ashland, NE
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Susan J. Harreld
NAME: Lee J. Archambault, Major, USAF, Pilot
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: August 25, 1960 - Oak Park, IL
RESIDENCE: Niceville, FL
EDUCATION: Proviso West High School, Hillside, IL, 1978
B.S., Aerospace/Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois-Urbana, 1982
M.S., Aerospace/Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois-Urbana, 1984
CURRENT POSITION: F-16 Test Pilot, 39th Flight Test Squadron, Eglin AFB, FL
PARENTS: Leroy J. and Mary A. Archambault, Addison, IL
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Kelly R. Raup
NAME: Tracy E. Caldwell, Ph.D., Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: August 14, 1969 - Arcadia, CA
RESIDENCE: Irvine, CA
EDUCATION: Beaumont High School, Beaumont, CA, 1987
B.S., Chemistry, California State University-Fullerton, 1993
Ph.D., Chemistry, University of California-Davis, 1997
CURRENT POSITION: Postdoctoral Research Fellow
University of California-Irvine
Department of Chemistry
Irvine, CA
PARENTS: James H. and Mary E. Caldwell, Cherry Valley, CA
MARITAL STATUS: Unmarried
NAME: Gregory E. Chamitoff, Ph.D., Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: August 6, 1962 - Montreal, Canada
RESIDENCE: Houston, TX
EDUCATION: Blackford High School, San Jose, CA
B.S., Electrical Engineering, California Polytechnic State University, 1984
M.S., Aerospace Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1985
Ph.D., Aeronautics/Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992
CURRENT POSITION: Flight Controller
United Space Alliance
Houston, TX
PARENTS: The late Ashley M. Chamitoff
Shari J. Chamitoff, Discovery Bay, CA
MARITAL STATUS: Married to A. Chantal Caviness
NAME: Timothy J. Creamer, Lieutenant Colonel, USA, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: November 15, 1959 - Ft. Huachuca, AZ
RESIDENCE: League City, TX
EDUCATION Bishop McNamara High School, Forestville, MD, 1978
B.S., Chemistry, Loyola College, 1982
M.S., Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992
CURRENT POSITION Space Operations Officer
Army Space Command
Houston, TX
PARENTS: The late Edmund J. Creamer, Jr.
Mary E. Creamer, Marlboro, MD
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Margaret E. Hammer
NAME: Christopher J. Ferguson, Lieutenant Commander, USN, Pilot
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: September 1, 1961 - Philadelphia, PA
RESIDENCE: Virginia Beach, VA
EDUCATION: Archbishop Ryan High School for Boys, Philadelphia, PA, 1979
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Drexel University, 1984
M.S., Aeronautical Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, 1991
CURRENT POSITION: F-14 Class Desk Officer
Commander Naval Air Force
Naval Air Station
Norfolk, VA
PARENTS: The late Ian A. Ferguson
Mary A. Pietras, Bensalem, PA
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Sandra A. Cabot
NAME: Michael J. Foreman, Commander, USN, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: March 29, 1957 - Columbus, OH
RESIDENCE: Leonardtown, MD
EDUCATION: Wadsworth High School, Wadsworth, OH, 1975
B.S., Aerospace Engineering, U.S. Naval Academy, 1979
M.S., Aeronautical Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, 1986
CURRENT POSITION: Advanced Orbiter Cockpit Project
Technical Lead
Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division
Naval Air Station
Patuxent River, MD
PARENTS: The late James W. Foreman
Nancy C. Foreman, Wadsworth, OH
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Lorrie L. Dancer
NAME: Michael E. Fossum, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: December 19, 1957 - Sioux Falls, SD
RESIDENCE: Houston, TX
EDUCATION: McAllen High School, McAllen, TX, 1976
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, 1980
M.S., Systems Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology, 1981
M.S., Physical Science, University of Houston-Clear Lake, 1997
CURRENT POSITION: X-38 Flight Test Engineer
NASA-Johnson Space Center
Houston, TX
PARENTS: The late Merlyn E. Fossum
Patricia A. Fossum, McAllen, TX
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Melanie J. London
NAME: Kenneth T. Ham, Lieutenant Commander, USN, Pilot
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: December 12, 1964 - Plainfield, NJ
RESIDENCE: Lexington Park, MD
EDUCATION: Arthur L. Johnson Regional High School, Clark, NJ, 1983
B.S., Aerospace Engineering, U.S. Naval Academy, 1987
M.S., Aeronautical Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, 1996
CURRENT POSITION: F/A-18 Test Pilot
Strike Aircraft Test Squadron
Naval Air Station
Patuxent River, MD
PARENTS: Edward A. and Marion N. Ham, Brunswick, ME
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Linda J. Hautzinger
NAME: Patricia C. Hilliard, M.D., Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: March 12, 1963 - Indiana, PA
RESIDENCE: Seabrook, TX
EDUCATION: Homer-Center High School, Homer City, PA, 1980
B.S., Biology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1985
M.D., The Medical College of Pennsylvania, 1989
CURRENT POSITION: Medical Officer
NASA-Johnson Space Center
Houston, TX
PARENTS: Harold C. and Ilse T. Hilliard, Homer City, PA
MARITAL STATUS: Unmarried
NAME: Gregory C. Johnson, Pilot
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: July 30, 1954 - Seattle, WA
RESIDENCE: Friendswood, TX
EDUCATION: West Seattle High School, Seattle, WA, 1972
B.S., Aerospace Engineering, University of Washington, 1977
CURRENT POSITION: Chief, Maintenance & Engineering Branch/Research Pilot
NASA-Johnson Space Center
Houston, TX
PARENTS: Raleigh O. Johnson, Everett, WA
The late Mary Ann Johnson
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Christine R. Scott
NAME: Gregory H. Johnson, Major, USAF, Pilot
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: May 12, 1962 - Upper Ruislip, Middlesex, United Kingdom
RESIDENCE: Montgomery, AL
EDUCATION: Fairborn High School, Fairborn, OH, 1980
B.S., Aeronautical Engineering, USAF Academy, 1984
M.S., Civil Engineering, Columbia University, 1985
CURRENT POSITION: Student
Air Command and Staff College
Maxwell AFB, AL
PARENTS: Harold C. and Marion F. Johnson, Traverse City, MI
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Cari M. Harbaugh
NAME: Stanley G. Love, Ph.D., Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE June 8, 1965 - San Diego, CA
RESIDENCE: Pasadena, CA
EDUCATION: Winston Churchill High School, Eugene, OR, 1983
B.S., Physics, Harvey Mudd College, 1987
M.S., Astronomy, University of Washington, 1989
Ph.D., Astronomy, University of Washington, 1993
CURRENT POSITION: Staff Engineer
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Pasadena, CA
PARENTS: Glen A. and Rhoda M. Love, Eugene, OR
MARITAL STATUS: Married to Jancy C. McPhee
NAME: Leland D. Melvin, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: February 15, 1964 - Lynchburg, VA
RESIDENCE: Hampton, VA
EDUCATION: Heritage High School, Lynchburg, VA, 1982
B.S., Chemistry, University of Richmond, 1986
M.S., Materials Science, University of Virginia, 1991
CURRENT POSITION: Research Scientist
NASA-Langley Research Center
Hampton, VA
PARENTS: Deems and Grace Melvin, Lynchburg, VA
MARITAL STATUS: Unmarried
NAME: Barbara R. Morgan, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: November 28, 1951 - Fresno, CA
RESIDENCE: McCall, ID
EDUCATION Hoover High School, Fresno, CA, 1969
B.A., Human Biology, Stanford University, 1973
CURRENT POSITION: Elementary School Teacher
McCall-Donnelly School District
McCall, ID
PARENTS: Dr. Jerome and Marian Radding, Laguna Hills, CA
MARITAL STATUS: Married to Clayton M. Morgan
NAME: William A. Oefelein, Lieutenant, USN, Pilot
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: March 29, 1965 - Ft. Belvoir, VA
RESIDENCE: Virginia Beach, VA
EDUCATION: West Anchorage High School, Anchorage, AK, 1983
B.S., Electrical/Electronics Engineering, Oregon State University, 1988
CURRENT POSITION: Naval Aviator
Carrier Air Wing 8
Naval Air Station
Oceana, VA
PARENTS: Randall W. and Billye M. Oefelein, Anchorage, AK
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Michaella Davis
NAME: John D. Olivas, Ph.D., Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: May 25, 1966 - North Hollywood, CA
RESIDENCE: Redondo Beach, CA
EDUCATION: Burges High School, El Paso, TX, 1985
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas-El Paso, 1989
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Houston, 1993
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering & Materials, Rice University, 1996
CURRENT POSITION Project Manager-Advanced Interconnect and
Manufacturing Assurance
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Pasadena, CA
PARENTS: Juan and Carmen Olivas, El Paso, TX
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Marie K. Schwarzkopf
NAME: Nicholas J. M. Patrick, Ph.D., Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: March 22, 1964 - Saltburn, North Yorkshire, United Kingdom
RESIDENCE: Seattle, WA
EDUCATION: Harrow School, London, England, 1982
B.A., Engineering, University of Cambridge, England, 1986
M.A., Engineering, University of Cambridge, England, 1990
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1990
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1996
CURRENT POSITION: Senior Systems and Human Factors Engineer
Boeing Commercial Airplane Group
Seattle, WA
PARENTS: C. Stewart Patrick, Narberth, PA
Gillian A. M. Patrick, S. Norwalk, CT
MARITAL STATUS: Unmarried
NAME: Alan G. Poindexter, Lieutenant Commander, USN, Pilot
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: November 5, 1961 - Pasadena, CA
RESIDENCE: NAS Patuxent River, MD
EDUCATION: Coronado High School, Coronado, CA, 1979
B.A.E., Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1986
M.S., Aeronautical Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, 1995
CURRENT POSITION: Naval Aviator
Naval Air Station Oceana
Virginia Beach, VA
PARENTS: John M. and Linda A. Poindexter, Rockville, MD
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Lisa A. Pfeiffer
NAME: Garrett E. Reisman, Ph.D., Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: February 10, 1968 - Morristown, NJ
RESIDENCE: Manhattan Beach, CA
EDUCATION: Parsippany High School, Parsippany, NJ, 1986
B.S., Economics, University of Pennsylvania, 1991
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 1991
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1992
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, California Institute of  Technology, 1997
CURRENT POSITION: Spacecraft Guidance, Navigation and Control Engineer
TRW - Space and Technology Division
Redondo Beach, CA
PARENTS: Robert A. and Sheila T. Reisman, Palm Harbor, FL
MARITAL STATUS: Unmarried
NAME: Steven R. Swanson, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: December 3, 1960 - Syracuse, NY
RESIDENCE: Friendswood, TX
EDUCATION: Steamboat Springs High School, Steamboat Springs, CO, 1979
B.S., Engineering Physics, University of Colorado-Boulder, 1983
M.A.S., Computer Systems, Florida Atlantic University, 1986
Ph.D., Computer Science, Texas A&M University, 1998 (expected)
CURRENT POSITION Aerospace Engineer
NASA-Johnson Space Center
Houston, TX
PARENTS Stanley R. and June C. Swanson, Eagle, ID
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Mary D. Young
NAME: Douglas H. Wheelock, Major, USA, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: May 5, 1960 - Binghamton, NY
RESIDENCE: Seabrook, TX
EDUCATION: Windsor Central High School, Windsor, NY, 1978
B.S., Applied Science, U.S. Military Academy, 1983
M.S., Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1992
CURRENT POSITION: Space Operations Officer
Army Space Command
Houston, TX
PARENTS: Olin H. and Margaret A. Wheelock, Windsor, NY
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Cathleen Hollen
NAME: Sunita L. Williams, Lieutenant Commander, USN, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: September 19, 1965 - Euclid, OH
RESIDENCE: Glenn Dale, MD
EDUCATION: Needham High School, Needham, MA, 1983
B.S., Physical Science, U.S. Naval Academy, 1987
M.S., Engineering Management, Florida Institute of Technology, 1995
CURRENT POSITION: Aircraft Handler
USS Saipan
Norfolk, VA
PARENTS: Deepak N. and Ursaline B. Pandya, Falmouth, MA
MARITAL STATUS: Married to Michael J. Williams
NAME: Neil W. Woodward III, Lieutenant, USN, Mission Specialist
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: July 26, 1962 - Chicago, IL
RESIDENCE: Solomons, MD
EDUCATION: Putnam City High School, Oklahoma City, OK, 1980
B.S., Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1984
M.A., Physics, University of Texas-Austin, 1988
CURRENT POSITION: Project Officer
Naval Strike Aircraft Test Squadron
Naval Air Station
Patuxent River, MD
PARENTS: Neil W. Woodward, Jr., Oklahoma City, OK
The late Aileen S. Woodward
MARITAL STATUS: Married
NAME: George D. Zamka, Major, USMC, Pilot
BIRTHDATE/PLACE: June 29, 1962 - Jersey City, NJ
RESIDENCE: Patuxent River, MD
EDUCATION: Rochester Adams High School, Rochester, MI, 1980
B.S., Mathematics, U.S. Naval Academy, 1984
CURRENT POSITION: Project Officer
Strike Aircraft Test Squadron
Naval Air Station
Patuxent River, MD
PARENTS: Conrad Zamka, Indianapolis, IN
Sofia P. Zamka, Davie, FL
MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Elisa P. Walker

 

International Candidates

NAME: Léopold Eyharts
BIRTHPLACE/DATE: Biaritz, France - April 28, 1957
EDUCATION: Graduated as engineer from the Salon de Provence Air Force Academy, 1979.
RECENT and RELATED POSITIONS: Eyharts qualified as a fighter pilot in 1980 and graduated from the Test Pilot School in Istres in 1988. He passed the European Space Agency's astronaut selection tests in 1992. He underwent training in Moscow for the Franco-Russian Pegase flight and then performed a number of Cassiopieia experiments during the early 1998 mission.
NAME: Paolo Nespoli
BIRTHPLACE/DATE: Milan, Italy- April 6, 1957
EDUCATION: 1977 graduate of the Liceo Scientifico "Paolo Frisi" of Desio (Milan, Italy). Graduated with a BS in Aerospace Engineering in 1988 and an MS in Aeronautics and Astronautics in 1989 from Polytechnic University of New York.
RECENT and RELATED POSITIONS: He was a training engineer of the Astronauts Training Division at the European Astronaut Centre of the European Space Agency (ESA), he worked on the EUROMIR Project at the European Space Technology Centre of ESA, and most recently supported the NASA Johnson Space Center Spaceflight Training Division in training for the ground and space crews of the International Space Station.
NAME: Marcos Pontes
BIRTHPLACE/AGE: Bauru, Brazil - 35
EDUCATION: Graduated with a degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the Instituto Technologico de Aeronautica University and is studying for a masters degree at the Navy Post Graduate School in Monterey, California.
RECENT and RELATED POSITIONS: A member of the Brazilian Air Force, Pontes has logged more than 1700 hours of flying time as a member of the fighter squadron, a test pilot and an official security fighter pilot. Pontes, of the Centro Tecnico Aerospacial, is the first Brazilian astronaut candidate.
NAME: Hans Schlegel
BIRTHPLACE/DATE: Überlingen, Germany - August 3, 1951
EDUCATION: Graduated in Physics from Aachen University in 1979.
RECENT and RELATED POSITIONS: Schlegel flew as Payload Specialist on board the Shuttle Columbia, STS-55 in April/May 1993. In 1995 he trained at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre near Moscow for the Mir 97 mission and then provided the onboard-to-ground communication during the 1997 flight. Schlegel has published works in the fields of semiconductor physics and experimental solid state physics, optics and infrared spectroscopy.
NAME: Bjarni V. Tryggvason
BIRTHPLACE/DATE: Reykjavik, Iceland - September 21, 1945
EDUCATION: He has a Bachelor of Applied Science in Engineering Physics from the University of British Columbia in 1972 and postgraduate work in engineering with a specialization in applied mathematics and fluid dynamics at the University of Western Ontario.
RECENT and RELATED POSITIONS: Tryggvason has about 4,000 hours of aircraft flight experience and is qualified as a Tutor jet trainer with the Canadian Air Force. Selected as a Canadian astronaut in 1983, he was back-up Payload Specialist for STS-52. He has played a key role in developing microgravity hardware and experiments for aircraft, the Mir, and the International Space Station. As a Payload Specialist on the STS-85 mission to study changes in the Earth's atmosphere, Tryggvason conducted tests of the Micro gravity Vibration Isolation Mount.
NAME: Roberto Vittori
BIRTHPLACE/DATE: Viterbo, Italy- October 15, 1964
EDUCATION: Graduate of the Italian Airforce Academy in 1989. He is currently attending the IV year of a Physics degree at the University of Perugia.
RECENT and RELATED POSITIONS: Vittori has logged over 1500 hours in over 40 different aircraft and graduated from the U.S. Navy Test Pilot School in 1995. Since 1995 he served as a project pilot of the Test Center of the Italian Air Force, was involved in development of the new Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile, and served as teacher of aerodynamics at the Accident Investigation Course of the Italian Airforce.


The 1995 Astronaut Candidate Class
The 1996 Astronaut Candidate Class


Click here to return to the SPACE EDUCATORS' HANDBOOK HOME PAGE.