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NASA CENTERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

NASA CENTERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

The space transportation system operates under the direction of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Centerin Florida is responsible for all launch, landing and turnaround operations for STS missions requiring equatorial orbits.

The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center n Houston, Texas, is responsible for the integration of the complete space shuttle vehicle and is the central control point for space shuttle missions.

NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., is responsible for the space shuttle main engines, external tanks and solid rocket boosters.

NASA's National Space Technology Laboratories at Bay St. Louis, Miss., is responsible for testing the space shuttle main engines.

NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., operates a worldwide tracking station network.

The United States Air Force operates the space shuttle launch and landing facility at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California for STS missions requiring polar orbit.

JOHN F. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER

The Kennedy Space Center has primary responsibility for prelaunch checkout, launch, ground turnaround operations and support operations for the space shuttle and its payloads. Space shuttle payloads are processed in a number of facilities at KSC and the nearby Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Payloads are installed in the space shuttle orbiter horizontally in the Orbiter Processing Facility or vertically at the launch pad. Payloads to be installed horizontally in the orbiter at the Orbiter Processing Facility are verified in the Operations and Checkout Building at KSC. Payloads installed vertically in the orbiter at the launch pad consist primarily of automated spacecraft involving upper stages and their payloads (e.g., satellites).

KSC's responsibility extends to ground operations management systems and plans, processing schedules, facility design and logistics in support of the space shuttle system and payloads.

The center established the requirements for facilities and ground operations support at Vandenberg Air Force Base and designated contingency landing sites. KSC also supports the Department of Defense for ground operations at Vandenberg Air Force Base and maintains ASA acilities and ground support equipment here.

The launch facilities-Launch Complexes 39-A and 39-B-and the technical support base of the center's industrial area were carved out of virgin savanna and marsh in the early 1960s for the Apollo program.

In reshaping KSC for the space shuttle, planners took maximum advantage of existing buildings and structures from the Apollo program that could be modified, scheduling new ones only when a unique requirement existed. New facilities that have been built to support space shuttle operations are the shuttle landing facility (runway); the Orbiter Processing Facility; and recently the Orbiter Modification and Refurbishment Facility, Tile Processing Facility, Solid Rocket Booster Storage and Processing Facility, Shuttle Logistics Building and Solid Rocket Booster Assembly and Refurbishment Facility.

KSC is located at 28.5 degrees north latitude and 80.5 degrees west longitude. It encompasses approximately 140,000 acres of land and water. This area, with the adjoining bodies of water, is sufficient to afford adequate safety to the surrounding communities during space shuttle launch and landing activities.

The shuttle processing contractor performs all launch processing and turnaround activities at the Kennedy Space Center and Vandenberg Air Force Base. Lockheed Space Operations Company, Titusville, Fla., was awarded the contract in 1983 to perform space shuttle launch processing operations previously carried out by more than a dozen separate contractors, which included the major hardware manufacturers.

The SPC is responsible for processing individual vehicle elements, integrating those elements in preparation for launch, performing cargo integration and validation activities with the orbiter, operating and maintaining assigned facilities and required support equipment and performing those tasks necessary to accomplish launch and postlaunch activities successfully.

ORBITER PROCESSING FACILITY

ORBITER MODIFICATION AND REFURBISHMENT FACILITY

LOGISTICS FACILITY

VEHICLE ASSEMBLY BUILDING

EXTERNAL TANK PROCESSING

SPACE SHUTTLE MAIN ENGINE WORKSHOP

SOLID ROCKET BOOSTER PROCESSING

HYPERGOLIC MAINTENANCE AND CHECKOUT FACILITY

ORBITER MATING

SPACE SHUTTLE VEHICLE TESTING

MOBILE LAUNCHER PLATFORM

CRAWLER-TRANSPORTER