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AUGUST 1

* First test flight of unpowered manned lifting body X-24B made by NASA pilot John Manke (1973).

* First microgravity research began (1955).

* Maria Mitchell, American astronomer, born (1818).

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AUGUST 2

* First parachute jump in U.S.A. (1819).

* U.S. Army accepted first aircraft from Wright brothers (1909).

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AUGUST 3

* Three more moons for Neptune announced by JPL Voyager team (1989).

* First variable star discovered (1596).

Variable Stars are stars whose light intensity recorded on Earth varies as a result of the light intensity of the star changing, an interstellar dust cloud, or temporary blocking by another star.

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AUGUST 4

* First flight of the French Ariane 3 booster (1984).

* Huge solar flare observed (1972).

* Supernova seen in Cassiopia (1181).

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AUGUST 5

* First quasar identification made by radio during a lunar occultation (1962). This quasar is known as radio source 3C273. Its position was determined when it was occulted by the Moon, and a faint star-like object with a jet was photographed at the position. Its spectra showed unusual emission lines. (From "A Meeting with the Universe.")

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AUGUST 6

* Kepler estimated the distance to the Sun is 14 million miles (1618).

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* Vostok 2, second Russian manned flight by Gherman Titov (1961).

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AUGUST 7

* Viking 2 went into orbit around Mars (1976).

* Kepler's mother arrested for witchcraft (1620).

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AUGUST 8

* Japan launched Planet A Halley probe (1985).

* First flight (STS-28) of "refurbished" Columbia Shuttle (1989).

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AUGUST 9

* Otto Lilienthal died during a glider test (1896).

* Luna 24 (U.S.S.R.), last lunar flight from Earth, was launched (1976).

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AUGUST 10

* Launch of first Lunar Orbiter (U. S., 1966).

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* Daylight meteor was seen from Utah to Canada. Only known case of a meteor entering and leaving the Earth's atmosphere (1972).

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AUGUST 11


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