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NOVEMBER 21

* First human flight in a balloon was made by two Frenchmen in a Mont- golfier hot air balloon (1783).

* The China Clipper was the first commercial aircraft to cross the Pacific(1935).

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NOVEMBER 22

* The IRAS (Infra-Red Astronomical Satellite) ran out of Helium coolant for its infrared detector and became inoperative. The IRAS was launched on January 25, 1983 and stopped working on November 22, 1983. During operation, it discovered dust around the sun between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. (Click here for more information.)

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NOVEMBER 23

* Charles Lindbergh visited Robert Goddard and helped him obtain a $50,000 Guggenheim grant for the advancement of aeronautics. These funds were instrumental in advancing the cause of space exploration (1929).

* Tiros II, a weather satellite, was boosted into orbit (1960).

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NOVEMBER 24

* Apollo 12 returned to Earth, landing in the Pacific (1969).

* The Soviet super-boost rocket exploded after reaching about 25 miles altitude (1970).

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NOVEMBER 25

* First launch of a Soviet liquid-fueled rocket. The engine fuel was petrol, the oxidizer was liquid oxygen, and the thrust was 154 lb. It flew 262 feet up (1933).

* First aircraft loop in America performed by exhibition pilot Lincoln Beachey (1913).

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NOVEMBER 26

* STS-61B launched (1985). Astronaut "Woody" Spring constructed the ACCESS tower while in orbit to test procedures for building the Space Station Freedom.

* France became the third nation on Earth to put an A-1/Asterix satellite in orbit (1965).

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NOVEMBER 27

* Earliest meteor photo taken (1885). The photo at left was taken of a meteorite weighing approximately 40 pounds which was found in Antarctica by scientists.

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NOVEMBER 28

* Huygens recorded first markings on Mars (1659).

* Space Shuttle (STS-9) carried the first Spacelab module to orbit (1983).

* First HAM (amateur) radio broadcast originating from space by STS-9 astronaut/Ham Owen Garriott, W5LFL (1983). (Click on Ham Radio for more.)

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NOVEMBER 29

* First hand-launched satellite deployed into orbit. Astronaut Sherwood Spring deployed Advanced Autopilot Radar target satellite from STS-61B Space Shuttle Atlantis' cargo bay. Satellite continued to orbit Earth for more than a year (1985).

* Enos, a chimp, was the first American to orbit the Earth (1961).

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NOVEMBER 30

* NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center published a paper on the design of a lunar lander based on scientific theories of how much dust is on the surface. Some scientists predicted a ten foot deep dust layer, while others foresaw very little dust. The vehicle must safely deal with all views (1961). (From "Chariots for Apollo," Brooks, p. 99.)

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DECEMBER 1


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