National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
NAME: Marc Garneau (Ph.D.)
- CSA Astronaut
- Born February 23, 1949, in Quebec City, Canada.
Married to the former Pamela Soame of Ottawa, Canada. Three children. He enjoys
flying, scuba diving, squash, tennis, car mechanics, and home repairs. In 1969 and
again in 1970, he sailed across the Atlantic in a 59-foot yawl with 12 other crewmen.
His parents, Jean and Andre Garneau, reside in Ottawa, Canada. Her parents, Diana and
James Soame, reside in Ottawa, Canada.
- Attended primary and secondary schools in Quebec City & Saint-Jean,
Quebec, and in London, England. Received a bachelor of science degree in engineering
physics from the Royal Military College of Kingston in 1970, and a doctorate in
electrical engineering from the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London,
England, in 1973. Attended the Canadian Forces Command and Staff College of
Toronto in 1982-83.
- Honorary Fellow of the
Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute. Member of the Association of Professional
Engineers of Nova Scotia, the Navy League of Canada, and the Canadian Academy of
Engineering. In 1988, he was named Honorary Member of the Canadian Society of
- Recipient of the Athlone Fellowship in 1970, and the
National Research Council (NRC) Bursary in 1972. Awarded the Canadian Decoration
(military) in 1980, and the NASA Space Flight Medal in 1984. Appointed as an
Officer of the Order of Canada in 1984. Awarded three doctorates (Honoris causa) in
1985, one by Université Laval, Québec, the second by the Technical University of Nova
Scotia, and the third by the Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario.
Co-recipient of the F.W. (Casey) Baldwin Award in 1985 for the best paper in the
Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal. In 1990 the Collège militaire royal
de Saint-Jean presented him with a doctorate (Honoris causa).
- Dr. Garneau was a combat systems engineer in HMCS
Algonquin, 1974-76. While serving as an instructor in naval weapon systems at
the Canadian Forces Fleet School in Halifax, 1976-77, he designed a simulator for use
in training weapons officers in the use of missile systems aboard Tribal class
destroyers. He served as project engineer in naval weapon systems in Ottawa from
1977 to 1980. He returned to Halifax with the Naval Engineering Unit which
troubleshoots and performs trials on ship-fitted equipment, and helped develop an
aircraft-towed target system for the scoring of naval gunnery accuracy. Promoted
to Commander in 1982 while at Staff College, he was transferred to Ottawa in 1983
and became design authority for naval communications and electronic warfare equipment
and systems. In January 1986, he was promoted to Captain. He retired from the Navy in
1989. He is one of six Canadian astronauts selected in December 1983. He was seconded
to the Canadian Astronaut Program from the Department of National Defence in February
1984 to begin astronaut training. He flew as a payload specialist on Shuttle Mission
41-G, October 5-13, 1984. He was named Deputy Director of the Canadian Astronaut
Program in 1989, providing technical and program support in the preparation of
experiments to fly during future Canadian missions. He was selected for astronaut
candidate training in July 1992.
- Dr. Garneau reported to the Johnson Space Center in
August 1992. He completed a one-year training and evaluation program and is qualified
for flight assignment as a mission specialist. Dr. Garneau initially worked technical
issues for the Astronaut Office Robotics Integration Team. He subsequently served as
spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM) in Mission Control during Shuttle flights. A veteran
of two space flights (STS-41G in 1984 and STS-77 in 1996), Dr. Garneau has logged over
437 hours in space. Dr. Garneau is assigned as a mission specialist on the crew of
Endeavour for STS-97, the fourth American mission to build and enhance the capabilities
of the International Space Station. STS-97 will deliver the first set of U.S.-provided
solar arrays and batteries as well as radiators to provide cooling. A communications
system for voice and telemetry also will be installed. The Shuttle will spend 5-days
docked to the station, which at that time will be staffed by the first station crew.
Launch is targeted for August 1999.
SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE:
- STS-41G (October 5-13, 1984) was an eight-day
mission aboard Space Shuttle Challenger. Dr. Garneau was the first Canadian to fly
on NASA's first mission to carry a seven-person crew. During 133 orbits of the earth
in 3.4 million miles, the crew deployed the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite, conducted
scientific observations of the earth with the OSTA-3 pallet and Large Format Camera
(LFC), performed numerous in-cabin experiments, activated eight "Getaway Special"
canisters, and demonstrated potential satellite refueling with an EVA and associated
hydrazine transfer. Mission duration was 197 hours 23 minutes.
STS-77 (May 19-29, 1996) was a ten-day mission aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour.
During 160 orbits of the earth in 4.1 million miles, the crew deployed two satellites
( the SPARTAN satellite which carried the Inflatable Antenna Experiment designed to
test the concept of large, inflatable space structures, and the small Satellite Test
Unit designed to test the concept of self-stabilization by using aerodynamic forces
and magnetic damping, conducted twelve materials processing, fluid physics and
biotechnology experiments in the Spacehab laboratory module carried in Endeavour's
payload bay. Mission duration was 240 hours and 39 minutes.
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