[Marc Garneau] [NASA Logo]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058

Biographical Data

NAME: Marc Garneau (Ph.D.)
CSA Astronaut

Born February 23, 1949, in Quebec City, Canada. Married to the former Pamela Soame of Ottawa, Canada. Three children. He enjoys flying, scuba diving, squash, tennis, car mechanics, and home repairs. In 1969 and again in 1970, he sailed across the Atlantic in a 59-foot yawl with 12 other crewmen. His parents, Jean and Andre Garneau, reside in Ottawa, Canada. Her parents, Diana and James Soame, reside in Ottawa, Canada.

Attended primary and secondary schools in Quebec City & Saint-Jean, Quebec, and in London, England. Received a bachelor of science degree in engineering physics from the Royal Military College of Kingston in 1970, and a doctorate in electrical engineering from the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, England, in 1973. Attended the Canadian Forces Command and Staff College of Toronto in 1982-83.

Honorary Fellow of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute. Member of the Association of Professional Engineers of Nova Scotia, the Navy League of Canada, and the Canadian Academy of Engineering. In 1988, he was named Honorary Member of the Canadian Society of Aviation Medicine.

Recipient of the Athlone Fellowship in 1970, and the National Research Council (NRC) Bursary in 1972. Awarded the Canadian Decoration (military) in 1980, and the NASA Space Flight Medal in 1984. Appointed as an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1984. Awarded three doctorates (Honoris causa) in 1985, one by Université Laval, Québec, the second by the Technical University of Nova Scotia, and the third by the Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario. Co-recipient of the F.W. (Casey) Baldwin Award in 1985 for the best paper in the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal. In 1990 the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean presented him with a doctorate (Honoris causa).

Dr. Garneau was a combat systems engineer in HMCS Algonquin, 1974-76. While serving as an instructor in naval weapon systems at the Canadian Forces Fleet School in Halifax, 1976-77, he designed a simulator for use in training weapons officers in the use of missile systems aboard Tribal class destroyers. He served as project engineer in naval weapon systems in Ottawa from 1977 to 1980. He returned to Halifax with the Naval Engineering Unit which troubleshoots and performs trials on ship-fitted equipment, and helped develop an aircraft-towed target system for the scoring of naval gunnery accuracy. Promoted to Commander in 1982 while at Staff College, he was transferred to Ottawa in 1983 and became design authority for naval communications and electronic warfare equipment and systems. In January 1986, he was promoted to Captain. He retired from the Navy in 1989. He is one of six Canadian astronauts selected in December 1983. He was seconded to the Canadian Astronaut Program from the Department of National Defence in February 1984 to begin astronaut training. He flew as a payload specialist on Shuttle Mission 41-G, October 5-13, 1984. He was named Deputy Director of the Canadian Astronaut Program in 1989, providing technical and program support in the preparation of experiments to fly during future Canadian missions. He was selected for astronaut candidate training in July 1992.

Dr. Garneau reported to the Johnson Space Center in August 1992. He completed a one-year training and evaluation program and is qualified for flight assignment as a mission specialist. Dr. Garneau initially worked technical issues for the Astronaut Office Robotics Integration Team. He subsequently served as spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM) in Mission Control during Shuttle flights. A veteran of two space flights (STS-41G in 1984 and STS-77 in 1996), Dr. Garneau has logged over 437 hours in space. Dr. Garneau is assigned as a mission specialist on the crew of Endeavour for STS-97, the fourth American mission to build and enhance the capabilities of the International Space Station. STS-97 will deliver the first set of U.S.-provided solar arrays and batteries as well as radiators to provide cooling. A communications system for voice and telemetry also will be installed. The Shuttle will spend 5-days docked to the station, which at that time will be staffed by the first station crew. Launch is targeted for August 1999.

STS-41G (October 5-13, 1984) was an eight-day mission aboard Space Shuttle Challenger. Dr. Garneau was the first Canadian to fly on NASA's first mission to carry a seven-person crew. During 133 orbits of the earth in 3.4 million miles, the crew deployed the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite, conducted scientific observations of the earth with the OSTA-3 pallet and Large Format Camera (LFC), performed numerous in-cabin experiments, activated eight "Getaway Special" canisters, and demonstrated potential satellite refueling with an EVA and associated hydrazine transfer. Mission duration was 197 hours 23 minutes.

STS-77 (May 19-29, 1996) was a ten-day mission aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour. During 160 orbits of the earth in 4.1 million miles, the crew deployed two satellites ( the SPARTAN satellite which carried the Inflatable Antenna Experiment designed to test the concept of large, inflatable space structures, and the small Satellite Test Unit designed to test the concept of self-stabilization by using aerodynamic forces and magnetic damping, conducted twelve materials processing, fluid physics and biotechnology experiments in the Spacehab laboratory module carried in Endeavour's payload bay. Mission duration was 240 hours and 39 minutes.


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