Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
Gibson's training and data acquisition as science-pilot on the last Skylab mission were in the areas of solar physics, comet observations, stellar observations, earth resources studies, space medicine and physiology, and flight surgeon activities.
He has logged more than 4,300 hours flying time, including 2,270 hours in jet aircraft.
He served as a member of the astronaut support crew and as a capcom for the Apollo 12 lunar landing. He has also participated in the design and testing of many elements of the Skylab space station.
Dr. Gibson was the science-pilot of Skylab 4 (third and final manned visit to the Skylab space station), launched November 16, 1973, and concluded February 8, 1974. This was the longest manned flight (84 days 1 hour 15 minutes) in the history of manned space exploration to date. Dr. Gibson was accompanied on the record-setting 34.5 million mile flight by Gerald P. Carr (commander) and William R. Pogue (pilot). They successfully completed 56 experiments, 26 science demonstrations, 15 subsystem detailed objectives, and 13 student investigations during their 1,214 revolutions of the earth. They also acquired a wide variety of earth resources observations data using Skylab's earth resources experiment package camera and sensor array. Dr. Gibson was the crewman primarily responsible for the 338 hours of Apollo Telescope Mount operation which made extensive observations of solar processes.
Until March 1978, Dr. Gibson and his Skylab-4 teammates held the world record for individual time in space: 2,017 hours 15 minutes 32 seconds; 15 hours and 17 minutes of which Dr. Gibson logged in three EVAs outside the orbital workshop.
Gibson resigned from NASA in December 1974 to do research on Skylab solar physics data as a senior staff scientist with the Aerospace Corporation of Los Angeles, California. Beginning in March 1976, he served for one year as a consultant to ERNO Raumfahrttechnik GmbH in West Germany on Spacelab design under the sponsorship of a U. S. Senior Scientist Award from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. In March 1977, Dr. Gibson returned to the Astronaut Office astronaut candidate selection and training as chief of the scientist-astronaut candidates.