Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
Dr. Henize was appointed associate professor in Northwestern University's Department of Astronomy in 1959, and was awarded a professorship in 1964. In addition to teaching, he conducted research on planetary nebulae, peculiar emission-line stars, S-stars, and T-associations. During 1961 and 1962, he was a guest observer at Mt. Stromlo Observatory in Canberra, Australia, where he used instruments ranging from the Uppsala 20/26-inch Schmidt to the 74-inch parabolic reflector.
Henize also engaged in studies of ultraviolet optical systems and astronomical programs suited to the manned space flight program. He became principal investigator of experiment S-013, which obtained ultraviolet stellar spectra during the Gemini 10, 11, and 12 flights. He also became principal investigator of experiment S-019, in which a six-inch aperture objective-prism spectrograph was used on Skylab to obtain ultraviolet spectra of faint stars.
From 1974 to 1978, Dr. Henize chaired the NASA Facility Definition Team for STARLAB, a proposed one-meter UV telescope for Spacelab. From 1978 to 1980, he chaired the NASA Working Group for the Spacelab Wide-Angle Telescope. From 1979 to 1986, he was the chairman of the International Astronomical Union Working Group for Space Schmidt Surveys and continues to be one of the leaders in proposing the use of a one-meter all reflecting Schmidt telescope to carry out a deep full-sky survey in far-ultraviolet wavelengths.
He is the author and/or coauthor of more than 70 scientific publications dealing with astronomy research.
Dr. Henize was a mission specialist on the Spacelab-2 mission (STS 51-F), which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on July 29, 1985. He was accompanied by Col. Charles G. Fullerton (spacecraft commander), Col. Roy D. Bridges (pilot), fellow mission specialists, Drs. Anthony W. England and F. Story Musgrave, as well as two payload specialists, Drs. Loren Acton and John David Bartoe. This mission was the first pallet-only Spacelab mission and the first mission to operate the Spacelab Instrument Pointing System (IPS). It carried 18 major experiments of which seven were in the field of astronomy and solar physics, three were for studies of the Earth's ionosphere, two were life science experiments, and one studied the properties of superfluid helium. Dr. Henize's responsibilities included testing and operating the IPS, operating the Remote Manipulator System (RMS), maintaining the Spacelab systems, and operating several of the experiments. After l26 orbits of the Earth, STS 51-F Challenger landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on August 6, 1985. With the completion of this flight, Henize has logged 188 hours in space.
Dr. Henize resigned from the Astronaut Office in April 1986.
He also continues to carry out astrophysical research on planetary nebulae and ultraviolet stellar spectra.
ARCHIVAL BIOGRAPHY LAST UPDATED FEBRUARY 1987