Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
Mattingly began his Naval career as an Ensign in 1958 and received his wings in l960. He was then assigned to VA-35 and flew AIH aircraft aboard the USS SARATOGA from 1960 to 1963. In July 1963, he served in VAH-II deployed aboard the USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT where he flew the A3B aircraft for two years.
He has logged 7,200 hours of flight time, including 5,000 hours in jet aircraft.
He was designated command module pilot for the Apollo 13 flight, but was removed from flight status 72 hours prior to the scheduled launch due to exposure to the German measles.
Mattingly subsequently served as command module pilot of Apollo 16, April 16-27, 1972. He was accompanied on the fifth manned lunar landing mission by John W. Young (spacecraft commander) and Charles M. Duke, Jr. (lunar module pilot). The mission assigned to Apollo 16 was to collect examples from the lunar highlands at a location near the crater Descartes. While in lunar orbit the scientific instruments aboard the command and service module Casper extended the photographic and geochemical mapping of a belt around the lunar equator. Twenty-six separate scientific experiments were conducted both in lunar orbit and during cislunar coast. Major emphasis was placed on using man as an orbital observer capitalizing on the human eye's unique capabilities and man's inherent curiosity. Although the mission of Apollo 16 was terminated one day early, due to concern over several spacecraft malfunctions, all major objectives were accomplished through the ceaseless efforts of the mission support team and were made possible by the most rigorous preflight planning yet associated with an Apollo mission.
Mattingly worked as head of astronaut office support to the STS (Shuttle Transportation System) program from January 1973 to March 1978. He was next assigned as technical assistant to the Manager of the Orbital Flight Test Program. From December 1979 to April 198l, he headed the astronaut office ascent/entry group. He subsequently served as backup commander for STS-2 and STS-3, Columbia's second and third orbital test flights.
Mattingly was spacecraft commander for the fourth and final orbital test flight of the Shuttle Columbia (STS-4), which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on 27 June 1982. He was accompanied by Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr., (pilot) on this seven-day mission designed to further verify ascent and entry phases of shuttle missions; perform continued studies of the effects of long-term thermal extremes on the Orbiter subsystems; and conduct a survey of Orbiter-induced contamination on the Orbiter payload bay. Additionally, the crew operated several scientific experiments located in the Orbiter's cabin and in the payload bay. These experiments included the Continuous Flow Electrophoresis System experiment designed to investigate the separation of biological materials in a fluid according to their surface electrical charge. This experiment was a pathfinder for the first commercial venture to capitalize on the unique characteristics of space. The crew is also credited with effecting an in-flight repair which enabled them to activate the first operational Getaway Special, which was composed of nine experiments that ranged from algae and duckweed growth in space to fruit fly and brine shrimp genetic studies. STS-4 completed 112 orbits of the Earth before landing on a concrete runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on July 4th.
With the completion of two space flights, Captain Mattingly has logged 435 hours and 2 minutes in space, 1 hour and 13 minutes of which were spent in extravehicular activity (EVA) during his Apollo 16 flight.
Mattingly also served as the Head of the Astronaut Office DOD Support Group from June 1983 through May 1984.
ARCHIVAL BIOGRAPHY LAST UPDATED SEPTEMBER 1984