- COLUMBIA (13)
- Pad 39-B (22)
- 51th Shuttle Mission
- 13th Launch of OV-102
- KSC Landing (13)
- James B. Wetherbee (2), Commander
- Michael A. Baker (2), Pilot
- Charles L. Veach (2), Mission Specialist 1
- William M. Shepherd (3), Mission Specialist 2
- Tamara E. Jernigan (2), Mission Specialist 3
- Steven G. MacLean (1), Payload Specialist 1
- OPF-1 - 7/9/92
- VAB - 9/20/92
- PAD-B - 9/26/92
- LAGEOS-II, USMP-1, CANEX-2, CMIX, CPCG, CVTEHPPE,
PSE, SPIE, TPCE/TP
- Oct. 22, 1992, 1:09:39:6433 p.m. EDT. Launch delayed l hour and
53 minutes due to RTLS
crosswind constraints at KSC's Shuttle
Landing Facility and cloud conditions at the Banjul
Payload weight up: 20,077 lbs. Total Vehicle weight 4,514,325 lbs.
Vehicle empty weight: 181,169 lbs.
Orbiter weight at liftoff
- Altitude: 163 nm
- Inclination: 28.45 degrees
- Orbits: 159
- Duration: 9 days, 20 hours, 56 minutes and 13 seconds.
- Distance: 4,129,028 miles
- SRB: BI-054
- SRM: 360L/Q027
- ET : 55
- MLP: 1
- SSME-1: SN-2030
- SSME-2: SN-2015
- SSME-3: SN-2034
- Nov. 1, 1992, 9:05:53 a.m. EST, Runway 33, Kennedy Space Center.
Fla. Rollout distance: l0,708 ft. Landing Weight: 215,114 lbs.
Payload down weight 14,419 lbs.
- Primary mission objectives were deployment of the Laser
Geodynamic Satellite II (LAGEOS-II) and operation of the U.S.
Microgravity Payload-1 (USMP-1). LAGEOS-II, a joint effort
between NASA and the Italian Space Agency (ASI), was deployed on
day 2 and boosted into an initial elliptical orbit by ASI's
Italian Research Interim Stage (IRIS). The spacecraft's apogee
kick motor later circularized LAGEOS orbit at its operational
altitude of 3,666 miles. The USMP-1, activated on day one,
included three experiments mounted on two connected Mission
Peculiar Equipment Support Structures
(MPESS) mounted in the
orbiter's cargo bay. USMP-1 experiments were: Lambda Point
Experiment; Materiel Pour L'Etude Des Phenomenes Interessant La
Solidification Sur Et En Orbite
(MEPHISTO), sponsored by the
French agency Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales; and Space
Acceleration Measurement System
- Secondary payloads: (1) Canadian experiment,
CANEX-2, located in
both the orbiter's cargo bay and middeck and which consisted of
Space Vision System (SVS); Materials Exposure in Low-Earth Orbit
(MELEO); Queen's University Experiment in Liquid-Metal Diffusion
(QUELD); Phase Partitioning in Liquids (PARLIQ); Sun
Photospectrometre Earth Atmosphere Measurement-2 (SPEAM-2);
Orbiter Glow-2 (OGLOW-2); and Space Adaptation Tests and
Observations (SATO). A small, specially marked satellite, the
Canadian Target Assembly, was deployed on day nine, to support
SVS experiments. (2) ASP, featuring three independent sensors
mounted on a Hitchhiker plate in the cargo bay -, Modular Star
Sensor, Yaw Earth Sensor and Low Altitude Conical
all provided by the European Space Agency.
- Other middeck payloads: Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus
Instrument Technology Associates Experiments; Commercial Protein
Crystal Growth experiment; Chemical Vapor Transport Experiment;
Heat Pipe Performance Experiment; Physiological Systems
Experiment (involving 12 rodents); and Shuttle Plume Impingement
Experiment. The orbiter also
was used as a reference point for
calibrating an Ultraviolet Plume Instrument on an orbiting
Strategic Defense Initiative Organization satellite.
- The Tank Pressure Control Experiment/Thermal Phenomena
was contained in a Getaway Special
(GAS) canister in the
orbiter's cargo bay.
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