- Columbia (21)
- Pad 39-B (38)
- 80th Shuttle Mission
- 21st Flight OV-102
- Longest Mission to date
- Kenneth D. Cockrell (3), Mission Commander
- Kent V. Rominger (2), Pilot
- Tamara E. Jernigan (4), Mission Specialist
- Thomas D. Jones (3), Mission Specialist
- F. Story Musgrave (6), Mission Specialist
- OPF -- 7/07/96
- VAB -- 10/09/96
- PAD -- 10/16/96
- TCDT - 10/22/96
- FRR -- 11/11/96
(DARA ORFEUS-SPAS), WSF-3,
EDFT-05, CMIX, VIEW-CPL, BRIC, CCM-A
marks the third flight of the
WSF that flew on STS-60 and
STS-69 and the third flight to use the German-built Orbiting and
Retrievable Far and Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrograph-Shuttle Pallet
Satellite II (ORFEUS-SPAS II). The ASTRO-SPAS program is a
cooperative endeavor between NASA and the German Space Agency, DARA.
Both satellites will be deployed and retrieved during the mission.
STS-80 is the seventh and last Space Shuttle mission of 1996, the 21st
flight of the
Columbia and the 80th flight overall in NASA's
Space Shuttle program.
Columbia last flew on mission
STS-78 in the
summer of this year.
Other experiments on
STS-80 are the
Space Experiment Module
The National Institutes of Health
NIH-R4 Experiment, a series of
bone cell experiments known as
CCM-A (formerly called STL/NIH-C-6),
the Biological Research in Canister
(BRIC-09) Experiment, the
Commercial MDA ITA Experiment
(CMIX-5), the Visualization in an
Experimental Water Capillary pumped Loop
ORFEUS-SPAS II, a free-flying satellite, will be deployed and
retrieved using the Space Shuttle
Columbia's Remote Manipulator
System (RMS). The goal of this astrophysics mission is to
investigate the rarely explored far- and extreme-ultraviolet
regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, and study the very hot
and very cold matter in the universe.
ORFEUS-SPAS II will be attempting a large number of observing
programs. Among the many areas in which scientists hope to gain
new insights during this mission are the evolution of stars, the
structure of galaxies, and the nature of the interstellar medium,
and others. Many of the objects they are planning to look at have
never before been observed in the far-ultraviolet.
ASTRO-SPAS is a carrier designed for launch, deployment and
retrieval by the Space Shuttle. Once deployed from the Shuttle's
RMS, ASTRO-SPAS will operate quasi-autonomously for 14 days in the
vicinity of the Shuttle. The carrier's inclination will be 28.4
degrees with an altitude of 218 statute miles. After completion
of the free flight phase, the satellite will be retrieved by the
RMS, returned to the Shuttle cargo bay and returned to Earth.
The one-meter diameter ORFEUS-Telescope with the Far Ultraviolet
(FUV) Spectrograph and the Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Spectrograph
comprises the main payload. A secondary, but highly
complementary, payload is the Interstellar Medium Absorption
Profile Spectrograph (IMAPS). In addition to the astronomy
payloads, ORFEUS-SPAS II carries the Surface Effects Sample
Monitor (SESAM), the ATV Rendezvous Pre-Development Project (ARP),
and the Student Experiment on ASTRO-SPAS (SEAS).
Wake Shield Facility (WSF-3) will be
making its third flight into orbit. The Facility is a 12-foot
diameter, free-flying stainless steel disk designed to generate an
"ultra-vacuum" environment in space in which to grow semiconductor
thin films for use in advanced electronics. The
crew will deploy and retrieve the WSF during the 16-day mission
using Columbia's "robot arm," or
Remote Manipulator System.
Wake Shield is sponsored by the Space Processing Division in
NASA's Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications.
Wake Shield was designed, built and is operated by the Space
Vacuum Epitaxy Center at the University of Houston--a NASA
Commercial Space Center--in conjunction with its industrial
partner, Space Industries, Inc., also in Houston.
Wake Shield has flown twice before.
The first flight on STS-60,
in 1994, although experiencing a hardware problem that resulted in
the vehicle remaining attached to the robot arm, proved the vacuum
wake concept, and realized the space epitaxy concept by growing
the first-ever crystalline semiconductor thin films in the vacuum
Tammy Jernigan and
Tom Jones will perform two six-
hour spacewalks during
STS-80, one on Flight Day 10 and another on
Day 12, to evaluate equipment and procedures that will be used
during construction and maintenance of the International Space
The spacewalks are the fifth in a continuing series of
Extravehicular Activities (EVAs) called the EVA Development Flight
Tests (EDFT). This flight test series of spacewalks is designed to
evaluate equipment and procedures planned for the station and to
build spacewalking experience in preparation for assembly of the
station. Jernigan is designated
Extravehicular Crewmember 1 (EV-
1) and will be distinguished by red bands worn on the legs of her
Jones is designated EV-2.
Astronaut Story Musgrave
will serve as the Intravehicular (IV) crewmember, assisting
Jones from inside
Columbia's crew cabin.
Pilot Kent Rominger also
will assist with the spacewalks,
controlling the robotic arm from inside the cabin.
The astronauts also will evaluate a variety of work aids
and tools designed for use during station operations, including a
Body Restraint Tether (BRT), a type of "third hand" stabilizing
bar for spacewalkers; a Multi-Use Tether (MUT), a type of
stabilizing tether similar to the BRT that can be anchored to
either round U.S. handrails or square Russian handrails; and a
power tool designed for the station.
Space Experiment Module
(SEM) is a NASA
Goddard Space Flight
Center Shuttle Small Payloads Project education initiative that
provides increased educational access to space. The program
targets kindergarten through university level participants.
SEM stimulates and encourages direct student participation in the
creation, development, and flight of zero-gravity and
microgravity experiments on the Space Shuttle.
The SEM system provides reusable modules for experiments within
Getaway Special Canister. The system uses a
Goddard-provided internal support structure, battery, power
distribution system, data sampling and storage device and harness.
Experiments may be active (requiring power to run mechanisms) or
passive (having no mechanisms or requiring no power). Customized
data sampling schemes are programmed before flight for each
experiment, and data reduction and processing are completed after
- November 19, 1996 2:55:47 p.m EST. Launch window was 2 hours
and 30 minutes. Launch was held at T-31 seconds due to a
Launch Commit Criteria (LCC) violation at 2:52pm EST due to a slight
hydrogen leak in the
AFT. Per the LCC, the
launch team held at the
T-31 second mark for 2 minutes and monitored the concentration of
hydrogen in the
Values were at acceptable limits and the
CPROP console location of the
launch team recommended to proceed.
Count resumed at 2:54pm EST with a
T-0 at 2:55pm EST.
- On Tuesday, 11/19/96, the
STS-80 crew wakeup was at 9:58am.
They then ate breakfast around 10:30am and departed to Launch
pad 39B around 11:38am. By 1:05pm EST all crew members were
inside Columbia. Crew
communications checks were done at
1:25pm EST and the hatch was closed at 1:38pm EST.
- On Friday, November 13, 1996, launch controllers reset the
countdown clock from the
T-11 hour mark to the built-in hold point
at the T-19 hour mark. And on Monday, November 18, the
countdown clock resumed from
the T-19 hour hold point at 1am.
- On Wednesday, November 13, 1996 the
>Mission Management Team rescheduled the
STS-80 launch from Friday
November 15 to Tuesday
November 19, 1996 due to scheduling conflicts with the range.
- On Tuesday, November 12, 1996 the countdown for the launch of Space
Shuttle Columbia today began at
1 p.m. EST at the T-43 hour mark. The
KSC launch team is conducting the countdown for mission
Firing Room 3 of the
Launch Control Center.
The countdown contains 30
hours, 50 minutes of built-in hold time leading to the opening of the
launch window at 2:50 p.m. (EST) on Friday, Nov. 15. The crew arrived
at 6:30pm on 11/11/96. The weather forcast for 11/15/96 shows an 80
percent chance that weather will violate launch criteria.
- On 11/11/96, technicians performed leak checks on the freon line
that provides coolant to fuel cell No. 1. A routine review of
the cooling system revealed the freon line's leak rate to be right
at the acceptable limit. Managers decided to off load the freon
and then refill, taking several opportunities to analyze the system
in the process.
- On 11/8/96, mission managers were assessing an issue regarding
Columbia's fuel cells. A suspect technique used to assemble the
fuel cell's regulator diaphragm, which is internal to the cell,
is being reviewed.
- On 11/4/96, the
Mission Management Team decided to delay for about
a week the launch of
Columbia. This extra time will be used by
managers to fully understand the issue regarding the
seen during the launch of STS-79.
Managers will meet early next
week to confirm a new launch date that will be no earlier than
November 15, 1996.
- On 10/29/96, preparations were underway to complete loading
hypergolic fuel into
Reaction Control System
was not completed due to the failure of a fuel pump at Pad LC39B. That
pump has been replaced and fueling is set to begin following ordnance
installation operations. The payload interface verification
test on ORFEUS-SPAS was completed and the interface verification test on
Wake Shield Facility was underway. The payload doors will be
closed for flight on Nov. 5.
- On 10/20/96,
Columbia's crew arrived at KSC for the Countdown
Demonstration Test (CDT) which lasts 2 days. On 10/21/96,
payloads were installed into the payload bay and the
umbilical unit (OMBU) was mated to the
orbiter and checked for leaks.
- On 10/16/96, Columbia
traveled the 4.2 mile journey to Pad 39B. First
motion was at 4:21am and the
Mobile Launcher Platform was hard-down
on the pad at about 10:30am EST.
APU No. 1 was hot fired for about
7 minutes on 10/17/96.
The Rotating Service Structure
was then retracted for one day
late Friday to allow the public to view
Columbia during KSC's
Community Appreciation Day on Saturday 10/19/96.
- On 10/11/96, the vertical payloads arrived at Pad 39B at about 2:31 a.m. and
the payload transport canister was lifted to the
payload changeout room at
about 5:30am. From there it was transfered into
Columbia's cargo bay.
- On 10/9/96, Columbia
was rolled over to the VAB to be mated to
the External Tank
VAB High Bay 3. The rollover was completed
by 1:30pm and hardmated to the
external tank at 2:28pm on 10/11/96.
- On 10/7/96, Columbia's
windows No. 3 and No. 4 were replaced after
an engineering analysis suggested that windows with a high number
of flights could tend to fracture more easily. One of the windows
had flown eight times and the other seven times.
- On 10/3/96, closeouts of the orbiter's mid-body and
compartment were performed.
- Installation of the 3 SSME's were completed on 8/19/96 and
Getaway Special (GAS) beams installed in the payload bay.
- Operations to deservice the hypergolic system was completed on
7/22/96. The fuel cells were checked and the
flash evaporator system
flushed. The remote manipulator system was installed into
payload bay 7/25/96. APU
No. 1 was installed on 7/26/96. Checks of
the Flash Evaporator System
and General Purpose Computers took place
on July 29, 1996.
- Altitude: 218 statute miles
- Inclination: 28.45
- Orbits: 279
- Duration: 17 days, 15 hours, 53 minutes, 18 seconds.
- Distance: Over 7 million statute miles
- SRB: BI-084
- ET : SN-80
- MLP :
- SSME-1: SN-2032
- SSME-2: SN-2026
- SSME-3: SN-2029
- KSC December 7, 1996 6:49:05 a.m. EST.
Deorbit burn occured at 5:43
a.m. EST. Columbia landed on
KSC's 1st Opportunity landing track.
Main Gear Touchdown was at 6:49:05 a.m. EST (17 days 15 hr 53 min 18
sec), nose gear touchdown was at 6:49:19 a.m. EST (17 days 15 hr 53 min 32
sec), and wheel stop was at 6:50:07 EST a.m. (17 days 15 hr 54 min 20 sec).
- Both landing opportunities for KSC on Friday, December 6, 1996 were
waved off due to low level fog. Edward's opportunities were waved off
due to high winds.
- The two landing opportunities for KSC on Thursday, December 5, 1996
were waved off due to cloudcover.
Last Mission STS-79
Next Mission STS-81
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