National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
NAME: Edgar Dean Mitchell (Captain, USN, Ret.)
- NASA Astronaut
- Born in Hereford, Texas, on September 17,
1930, but considers Artesia, New Mexico, his hometown.
- Brown hair; green eyes; height: 5 feet, 11
inches; weight: 180 pounds.
- Attended primary schools in Roswell, New Mexico, and
is a graduate of Artesia High School in Artesia, New Mexico; received a bachelor
of science degree in Industrial Management from the Carnegie Institute of
Technology in 1952, a bachelor of science degree in Aeronautical Engineering
from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School in 1961, and a doctorate of science
degree in Aeronautics/Astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology in 1964; presented an honorary doctorate of science from New
Mexico State University in 1971, and an honorary doctorate of engineering
from Carnegie-Mellon University in 1971.
- Karlyn L., August l2, 1953; Elizabeth R., March 24, 1959;
Kimberley, October 7, 1961; Paul, March 21, 1963; Mary Beth, March 19, 1964; and
Adam, August 11, 1986.
- He enjoys handball, tennis,
and swimming, and his hobbies are scuba diving and soaring.
- Member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics; the Society of Experimental Test Pilots; Sigma Xi; and Sigma
Gamma Tau, New York Academy of Sciences.
- Presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1970), the
NASA Distinguished Service Medal, the MSC Superior Achievement Award
(1970), the Navy Astronaut Wings, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal,
the City of New York Gold Medal (1971), and the Arnold Air Society's
John F. Kennedy Award (1971).
- Captain Mitchell's experience includes Navy operational
flight, test flight, engineering, engineering management, and experience as a
college instructor. Mitchell came to the Manned Spacecraft Center after
graduating first in his class from the Air Force Aerospace Research Pilot
School where he was both student and instructor.
He entered the Navy in 1952 and completed his basic training at the San Diego
Recruit Depot. In May 1953, after completing instruction at the Officers'
Candidate School at Newport, Rhode Island, he was commissioned as an Ensign.
He completed flight training in July 1954 at Hutchinson, Kansas, and subsequently
was assigned to Patrol Squadron 29 deployed to Okinawa.
From 1957 to 1958, he flew A3 aircraft while assigned to Heavy Attack
Squadron Two deployed aboard the USS BON HOMME RICHARD and USS TICONDEROGA;
and he was a research project pilot with Air Development Squadron Five until
1959. His assignment from 1964 to 1965 was as Chief, Project Management
Division of the Navy Field Office for Manned Orbiting Laboratory.
He has accumulated 5,000 hours flight time--2,000 hours in jets.
- Captain Mitchell was in the group selected
for astronaut training in April 1966. He served as a member of the astronaut
support crew for Apollo 9 and as backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 10.
He completed his first space flight as lunar module Pilot on Apollo 14,
January 31 - February 9, 1971. With him on man's third lunar landing
mission were Alan B. Shepard, spacecraft commander, and Stuart A. Roosa,
command module pilot.
Maneuvering their lunar module, "Antares," to a landing in the hilly upland
Fra Mauro region of the moon, Shepard and Mitchell subsequently deployed
and activated various scientific equipment and experiments and collected
almost 100 pounds of lunar samples for return to Earth. Other Apollo 14
achievements include: first use of Mobile Equipment Transporter (MET);
largest payload placed in lunar orbit; longest distance traversed on
the lunar surface; largest payload returned from the lunar surface;
longest lunar surface stay time (33 hours); longest lunar surface EVA
(9 hours and 17 minutes); first use of shortened lunar orbit rendezvous
techniques; first use of color TV with new vidicon tube on lunar surface;
and first extensive orbital science period conducted during CSM solo operations.
In completing his first space flight, Mitchell logged a total of 216 hours and 42 minutes.
He was subsequently designated to serve as backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 16.
He is currently Chairman of the Board, Forecast Systems Inc., Provo, Utah,
and West Palm Beach, Florida.
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