Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
From 1961 until 1965, he taught electronics, electromagnetic theory, and ionospheric physics as an associate professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University. He has performed research in ionospheric physics since obtaining his doctorate and has authored or coauthored more than 40 scientific papers and one book on this subject. Garriott remains a consulting professor at Stanford University.
He has since logged over 5,000 hours flying time, including over 2,900 hours in jet aircraft and the remainder in spacecraft, light aircraft, and helicopters. In addition to NASA ratings, he holds FAA commercial pilot and flight instructor certification for instrument and multi-engine aircraft.
Dr. Garriott was science-pilot for Skylab-3 (SL-3), the second manned Skylab mission, and was in orbit first from July 28 to September 25, l973. With him on this 59-1/2-day flight were Alan L. Bean (spacecraft commander) and Jack R. Lousma (pilot). SL-3 accomplished 150% of many mission goals while completing, 858 revolutions of the Earth and traveling some 24,400,000 miles. The crew installed six replacement rate gyros used for attitude control of the spacecraft and a twin pole sunshade used for thermal control, and repaired nine major experiment or operational equipment items. They devoted 305 manhours to extensive solar observations and completed 333 medical experiment performances to obtain valuable data on the effects of extended weightlessness on man. Skylab-3 ended with a Pacific splashdown and recovery by the USS NEW ORLEANS.
The crew of Skylab-3 logged 1,427 hours and 9 minutes each in space, setting a new world record for a single mission, and Garriott also spent 13 hours and 43 minutes in three separate extravehicular activities outside the orbital workshop.
Dr. Garriott then served first as Deputy Director and then as Director of Science and Applications at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. He also served as the Assistant Director for Space Science at JSC.
Dr. Garriott was a mission specialist on STS-9/Spacelab-l, which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 28, 1983. He was accompanied by spacecraft commander, John W. Young; pilot, Lt. Col. Brewster H. Shaw, Jr.; fellow mission specialist, Dr. Robert A. Parker; and payload specialists, Dr. Byron Lichtenberg and Dr. Ulf Merbold. This six man crew was the largest yet to fly aboard a single spacecraft, the first international Shuttle crew, and the first to carry payload specialists.
During this maiden flight of the European Space Agency (ESA)-developed laboratory, the crew conducted more than 70 multidisciplinary scientific and technical investigations in the fields of life sciences, atmospheric physics and earth observations, astronomy and solar physics, space plasma physics, and materials processing. In off duty hours, the first manned amateur radio operations in space were conducted, using his station call, W5LFL.
After 10 days of Spacelab hardware verification and around-the-clock scientific operations, Columbia and its laboratory cargo landed on the dry lakebed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on December 8, 1983.
ARCHIVAL BIOGRAPHY LAST UPDATED OCTOBER 1984