National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
Houston, Texas 77058
NAME: Fred Wallace Haise, Jr.
- NASA Astronaut
- Born in Biloxi, Mississippi, on November
14, 1933; his mother, Mrs. Fred W. Haise, Sr., resides in Biloxi.
- Brown hair; brown eyes; height:
5 feet 9-1/2 inches; weight: 155 pounds.
- Graduated from Biloxi High School, Biloxi,
Mississippi; attended Perkinston Junior College
(Association of Arts); received a Bachelor of Science degree with
honors in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of
Oklahoma in 1959, and an honorary Doctorate of Science from
Western Michigan University in 1970.
- Married to the former F. Patt Price of Rogers, Texas.
- Mary M., January 25, 1956; Frederick T.,
May 13, 1958; Stephen W., June 30, 1961; Thomas J., July 6, 1970.
- Fellow of the American Astronautical
Society and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP);
member, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Gamma Tau, and Phi Theta Kappa;
and honorary member, National WWII Glider Pilots Association.
- Awarded the Presidential Medal for
Freedom (1970); the NASA Distinguished Service Medal; the
AIAA Haley Astronautics Award for 1971; the American Astronautical
Society Flight Achievement Awards for 1970 and 1977; the City of
New York Gold Medal in 1970; the City of Houston Medal for Valor
in 1970; the Jeff Davis Award (1970); the Mississippi Distinguished
Civilian Service Medal (1970); the American Defense Ribbon; the SETP's
Ray E. Tenhoff Award for 1966; the A. B. Honts Trophy as the outstanding
graduate of Class 64A from the Aerospace Research Pilot School in 1964;
the NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1978); the JSC Special Achievement
Award (1978); the Soaring Society of America's Certificate of Achievement
Award (1978); the General Thomas D. White Space Trophy for
1977 (1978); the SETP's Iven C. Kincheloe Award (1978);
and the Air Force Association's David C. Schilling Award (1978).
- Haise was a research pilot at the NASA Flight
Research Center at Edwards, California, before coming to Houston and
the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center; and from September 1959 to March
1963, he was a research pilot at the NASA Lewis Research Center in
Cleveland, Ohio. During this time, he had several papers published.
He was the Aerospace Research Pilot School's outstanding graduate of
Class 64A and served with the U. S. Air Force from October 1961 to
August 1962 as a tactical fighter pilot and as chief of the 164th
Standardization Evaluation Flight of the 164th Tactical Fighter
Squadron at Mansfield, Ohio. From March 1957 to September 1959,
Haise was a fighter interceptor pilot with the 185th Fighter
Interceptor Squadron in the Oklahoma Air National Guard.
He also served as a tactics and all weather flight instructor in the
U. S. Navy Advanced Training Command at NAAS Kingsville, Texas, and was
assigned as a U. S. Marine Corps fighter pilot to VMF-533 and 114 at
MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina, from March 1954 to September 1956.
His military career began in October 1952 as a Naval Aviation Cadet
at the Naval Air Station in Pensacola, Florida.
Haise has accumulated 8,700 hours flying time,
including 5,700 hours in jets.
- Was one of the 19 astronauts selected by
NASA in April l966. He served as backup lunar module pilot for the
Apollo 8 and 11 missions.
Haise was lunar module pilot for Apollo 13, April 11-17, 1970. Apollo 13
was programmed for ten days and was committed to our first landing in the
hilly, upland Fra Mauro region of the moon; however, the original flight
plan was modified in route to the moon due to a failure of the service
module cryogenic oxygen system which occurred approximately 55 hours
into the flight. Haise and fellow crewmen, James A. Lovell (spacecraft
commander) and John L. Swigert (command module pilot), working closely with
Houston ground controllers, converted their lunar module Aquarius into an
effective lifeboat. Their emergency activation and operation of lunar module
systems conserved both electrical power and water in sufficient supply to
assure their safety and survival while in space and for the return to earth.
In completing his first space flight, Mr. Haise logged a total of 142
hours and 54 minutes in space.
He served as backup spacecraft commander for the Apollo 16 mission.
From April 1973 to January 1976, he was technical assistant to the Manager
of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Project.
Haise was commander of one of the two 2-man crews who piloted space shuttle
approach and landing test (ALT) flights during the period June through October
1977. This series of critical orbiter flight tests initially involved Boeing
747/orbiter captive-active flights, followed by air-launched, unpowered glide,
approach, and landing tests (free flights). There were three captive mated
tests with the orbiter
Enterprise carried atop the Boeing 747 carrier aircraft, allowing in-flight
low altitude and low-speed test, and checkout of flight control systems and
orbiter controls, and five free flights which permitted extensive evaluations
of the orbiter's subsonic flying qualities and performance characteristics
during separation, up and away flight, flare, landing, and rollout, which
provided valuable real-time data duplicating the last few minutes of an
operational shuttle mission.
- Haise resigned from NASA June 1979 and became
Space Programs at Grumman Aerospace Corporation.
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